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Damascus and Its Inner Castle Under the Domination of the Great Seljuk and Its Successor States
Damascus was one of the important cities of Syria that passed Muslim rule from the hands of Byzantium with the first Islamic conquests. Syria, one of the most prominent provinces during the caliphates of the Prophet, became more important in the time of the Umayyads, especially when Damascus became the capital. When the new state’s capital was decided to be built on the Iraqi lands after the Abbasi revolution, Damascus partly fall out of favor. In the following time, it was first handed over by Ibn Tolun, and then the city was devastated in 289/901-902 by the attacks of the Qarmatians and the fires. The city fell weak in the 100 years rule of Fatimid. The Great Seljuks, emerging as a new force, quickly plummeted and quickly gained control over Iran and Iraqi lands. As a matter of course, military activities against the Syrian territory are striking. In this article, within the framework of the Seljuk commander Uvakoglu Atsız's military activities in Syria, his dominance of Damascus and starting from the rebuilding of the Damascus castle, the reconstruction activities in Damascus and Damascus Inner Castle during Tutus and his children, Burid dynasty and Nureddin Zengi period was tried to be studied in the light of Arabic sources.

Damascus, Saljuks, Burids, Zengids

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